A Monoecious climber found throughout India often under cultivation upto an altitude of 1500 meter. Fruit are 5-25 meter long pendulous, fusiform. ribbed with numerous tubercles. Plant is cultivated throughout India as a vegetable crop.
The fruit through bitter is wholesome and esteemed as vegetable when young; it may be sliced and preserved after drying for use in the off-season. Plant I Fruit used from Anti diabetic, Carminative, Tonic and Liver complaints.
|Botanical Name||Momordica Charantia|
|Description||Dark brown to Dark brown colored powder having characteristic odour & taste.|
|PH of 1% w/v solution||4-6|
|Loss on drying (at 1050 C)||NMT 8% w/w|
|Extractive value of 1% w/v slon|
|In Water||NLT 70% w/w|
|In 60% v/v Methanol||NLT 60% w/w|
|Ash Content||NMT 10 % w/w|
|Heavy Metal||NMT 10 ppm|
|Bitter Content||NLT 5.0% w/w|
|Total Plate Count||NMT 10000 cfu/mg|
|Yeast & Mould Count||NMT 100 cfu/mg|
|Others grade of 8% Bitters is also available.|